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Welcome to the Primary Articles Learning Environment*, a classroom-ready instructional space within the National Science Digital Library to connect research and education.


Two models offer alternative approaches to research paper based STEM instruction. “Classic Articles in Context,” covers significant scientific problems and achievements spanning decades using landmark and important legacy papers. “Timely Teaching” features current articles that investigate high-profile contemporary and emerging problems. Both models offer topical issues that include research articles in full text, interpretive content appropriate for undergraduate courses, and functionality for users to comment on or contribute to the resource. Narrative sections include discussion questions and hyperlinks to select resources within the NSDL central repository and/or the NSDL Pathways Collections.


* Classic Articles in Context


* TimelyTeaching


Suggestions for Incorporating Primary Literature into Lessons


A Selection of Studies on Using Primary Research in Teaching

Falk, H; Brill, G; & Yarden, A (2008) Teaching a Biotechnology Curriculum Based on Adapted Primary Literature. International Journal of Science Education, v30 n14 p1841-1866 Nov 2008


Fisher, D. (2006) Using Research Papers as a Tool in Teaching Introductory Statistics. Journal of Interdisciplinary Mathematics, 9, 287-295.


Peck, W. H. (2004). Teaching Metastability in Petrology using a Guided Reading from the Primary Literature. Journal of Geoscience Education, 52 (3), 284-288.


Brill, G. and Yarden, A. (2003) Learning biology through research papers: a stimulus for question-asking by highschool students. Cell Biology Education, 2(4), 266-274.


Tilstra, L. (2001) Using journal articles to teach writing skills for laboratory reports in general chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education, 78 (6), 762-764.


Levine, E (2001). Reading your way to scientific literacy. Journal of College Science Teaching, 31, (2), 122-125.


Muench, S. B. (2000). Choosing primary literature in biology to achieve specific educational goals. Journal of College Science Teaching, 29, 255–260.


Matthews, F. J. (1997) Chemical Literature. Journal of Chemical Education, 74 (8). 1011-1015.


Robinson, G.D. (1987) Using journal articles in an introductory geology class. Journal of Geological Education, 35, 140-141.


Lee, H.H. Shore, R.E., Ehmann, A. & Gano, C. (1970). Merging of Research and Teaching in Developmental Biology: Adaption of Current Scientific Research Papers for Use in Undergraduate Laboratory Exercises. Bioscience, 20 (1), 34.


All content within the domain, nsdl.org/sites/classic_articles, comes under the copyright of the National Science Digital LIbrary (NSDL) and is subject to the NSDL Terms of Use. This content may not be reproduced, duplicated, copied, sold, resold, or otherwise exploited for any commercial purpose that is not expressly permitted by NSDL. Articles cited herein, invoked via hyperlinks called "Article Link," have either been made available by publishers, and are therefore subject to contributing publishers' terms of use , or reside within the public domain.